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Old Rag – via Weakley Hollow

September 13, 2011

We hope you enjoyed our Acadia series… but now it’s time to get back to Virginia hiking.  We decided resume our normal posts with an exceedingly well-known mountain – Old Rag.  This 8.8 mile loop hike is Shenandoah’s most popular hike.  It’s so well-loved and traveled that the official Shenandoah website has a whole section dedicated to hiking this mountain.  [View NPS Map for this hike]

Note: Some of the NPS website details (and mileage markers along the actual trail) were a little outdated as of summer 2011, as they refer to the hike distance before the park service closed the upper parking lot in April of 2010.

Nearing the Summit of Old Rag

Large boulders near the summit of Old Rag.  Below: Adam walking along the road headed toward the Ridge Trail’s start; Views from the summit of Old Rag; Adam drops down into a narrow passage between the rocks.

Lots of Road Walking  Views at Summit Dipping Into a Narrow Slot

Christine Says…

After two and a half years, we’re finally getting around to covering Virginia’s most popular, most well-known hike – Old Rag. I’ll make an outright confession.  Old Rag, as beloved as it might be by (seemingly) everyone else, is not my favorite hike.   But, when you have a Virginia hiking website, you’re practically obligated to have a write up about this mountain.  So, on to the post!

We’d been tossing around the idea of hiking Old Rag for the blog for well over a year.  Adam would suggest it and I’d invariably tell him that it was too hot, too cold, possibly wet and slippery, I heard there was ice, my feet hurt, I don’t feel like driving that far, etc.  Basically, I floated every excuse in the book to delay the hike.  But then I went and did something incredibly stupid and it really blew up in my face!  I had a day off work coming up.  It was going to be a beautiful August day – crisp and unseasonably cool!  I had visions of getting up early, doing a photo shoot in the park, maybe eating some donuts and then taking myself to a matinee movie.  But before I could stop myself, I found that I had blurted out “Tomorrow would be a GREAT day to hike Old Rag!”  I assumed this was purely hypothetical because Adam had to work.  But he immediately responded “Yeah!  Let’s go!  I’m taking tomorrow off too!”  Ugh – I didn’t see that one coming!  I don’t like to back out on plans, so the next morning we were up before dawn, snacks stashed and Camelbaks filled.

We got to the parking lot before 8:00 a.m..  Getting to Old Rag early is something I consider to be a necessity.  The trail is always crowded – even on weekdays.  The Old Rag parking lot is actually my first point of contention with the hike.  It used to be if you got up early, you could always get a parking spot in the small upper parking area located right at the trailhead.  In April of 2010, a couple years after our last hike up Old Rag (fall of 2008 – see photos), the park service closed the upper lot to all vehicles.  Now, all vehicles must park in the lower lot, which is just a shade under a mile from the trailhead.  The added mile follows a paved road uphill to the beginning of the Ridge Trail. I’m not going to make any apologies; I just don’t like road walking on outings that are supposed to be hikes.

The Scrambling Begins

The first section of rock scramble is just a little sampling of what is ahead.  Below: Giant boulders along the trail; Christine climbing up the Ridge Trail; Christine taking in the view; A view of the valley; A dog who has panhandling all figured out!

Giant Boulders Along the Trail Christine Hiking Up the Trail First Views
Wider View Before starting Major Scramble
Beggar on the Mountain

Once we got to the Ridge Trail, things improved a bit.  The trail climbed upward for about two miles. It’s not terribly steep or difficult climbing, but it is steady uphill.  There are occasional switchbacks, lots of gigantic boulders along the trail and even some glimpses of views through the trees.

The higher you climb, the better and more open the views become.  After the first real panoramic view, you get your first little sample of the extensive rock scrambling you’re about to encounter.  The first pass is short, but requires hoisting yourself up through a small opening, then across a flat pancake of rock.  At this point, my boot slipped and I almost toppled over backwards.  Luckily, I was able to hang on long enough for Adam to give me a hand up.

Shortly after that little scramble, you’ll come to what I think is the nicest view on the hike.  Instead of overlooking mountains with a distant peek at Skyline Drive, this viewpoint overlooks the valley below.  The vista is dotted with little farms and winding country roads.  It’s really pretty!  At this point of our hike, we encountered an emaciated, but super-friendly dog.  He had a collar but there didn’t seem to be any human to claim him.  Dogs are not allowed on Old Rag’s hiking trails, so we figured someone brought a dog up anyhow, and then abandoned him when he could no longer follow along the rock scramble.  The dog looked so pitiful and hungry that we ended up sharing some cashews and half a Luna Bar.

The dog followed us along until the scramble began in earnest.  He looked sad to see us go, so we decided to report him to park rangers at the end of our hike, in hopes that they could send someone up to retrieve him and lead him back down to the base of the mountain.

After saying goodbye to the dog, we began nearly one-mile of rock scrambling required to reach the summit of Old Rag via the Ridge Trail.  Anyone wishing to reach the summit without the scramble can follow the Saddle Trail (accessed by either the Weakley Hollow or Old Rag fire roads).  The scramble is the part of this hike that I enjoy most, but also simultaneously fear.  I have vertigo, so there are a couple passes that play tricks on my visual and balance centers.  Otherwise, the scramble is a lot of fun!  It’s almost like a hiking puzzle.  You have to look at each obstacle and plan the best strategy for traversing it.  The scramble is tough – it’s not so much a cardio challenge as it is a strength challenge.  There are lots of places where you’ll rely on  both your upper and lower body strength to carry you across the rocks.  It’s nice to have at least one hiking buddy to help you along.  One particularly steep place, I had to shove Adam up (one hand on each butt cheek) and then he had to tow me up behind him.

Narrow Passage

Near the beginning of the scramble, you have to drop down into this narrow passage. Below: A variety of obstacles along the rock scramble. Below: Adam shinnies down into the narrow passage pictured above (note the blaze is numbered R22.  Each blaze on the scramble is numbered to help rescuers find injured people more quickly); More scenes along the scramble.

Dropping Down More Scrambling Stairs Climb Up That

The summit of Old Rag is beautiful and decorated with many large and interesting boulders.  It’s the perfect place to enjoy a snack while taking in the view.  We watched the clouds clearing away, ate cheese and trail mix and watched falcon soaring on the breeze.  It may have been a peregrine, as they are known to nest on Old Rag, but we’re really not sure.

After leaving the summit, the hike becomes sort of tedious.  Yes, it’s all downhill, and you’ll pass a couple interesting trail shelters (Byrd’s Nest and Old Rag).  Both are available for day use only.  There is one more decent view.  But right after passing the Old Rag Shelter, you’ll reach the Berry Hollow fire road.  You’re only on that for a short while, until you meet the Weakley Hollow fire road.  You’re on that road for the remainder of the loop until you come back to the paved road at the trailhead.  Honestly, everything after the scramble on this hike is just not fun to me – too many miles of featureless road walking.   All in all, the Old Rag hike has close to 4.5 miles of road walking (over half the hike).  Adam and I were eager to finish up our hike, so we jogged most of the way back along the fire road and paved road.

Adam Pretends to Balance a Giant Boulder

Adam pretends to balance a giant boulder. Below: More scenes along the scramble.

A Cave Adam Passing Through the Cave Another Narrow Pass

When we got back to the car, we told the ranger at the check-in station about the skinny dog.  She laughed and said “Oh, him!  He’s our resident Old Rag beggar!”  Apparently the dog belongs to a local family.  He likes to take daily hikes to solicit treats from people climbing the mountain.  He sure tricked us!

The parking lot had really filled up since we arrived!  We were glad to be done, and on out way to get some lunch (fried chicken – yay!).

When I reflect back on hiking Old Rag, and what could be done to improve the experience, I can think of a few things.  One idea I think would work well is to issue a finite number of permits per day to hike the mountain.  Perhaps limiting numbers on weekends would be enough.  I think if they could limit hikers, they could reopen the upper lot and eliminate almost two miles of road walking.  Another thought is to limit the number of people allowed per hiking party.  So many church youth groups and college clubs hike Old Rag in huge crowds.  This causes massive ‘traffic jams’ along the scramble.  No fun!  I also think that limiting hikers would go along way toward alleviating the trail damage and erosion on Old Rag.  The trail is crumbling, lots of rocks on the scramble have been worn to a smooth polish under years’ of boot traffic, and sadly there is garbage everywhere.  It’s a trail that would benefit greatly from being enjoyed by fewer people.

That said, I think every lover of the outdoors in Virginia should hike Old Rag at least once!  The scramble is truly without compare.

Adam Says…

Well, Christine summed it up nicely describing the pressure that I have been putting on her to tackle Old Rag.  We last did this hike together shortly before we started this blog.  The logo that we use for the website is actually taken from a photo of Old Rag, so it was a must do.  About every year, I put together a list of hikes that we have talked about doing in Virginia and we hang it on our refrigerator.  After we finish the hike, we have a ceremonial highlighter that we use to highlight the hikes we’ve finished.  For the last few years of printing a new list, Old Rag has been one of the few that has not been highlighted before the latest version is posted.  I let Christine do the honors of marking Old Rag off the list – and she was happy to do so.

Adam on the Summit

Adam on the Summit. Below: Summit scenery; Some kind of bird of prey.

More Summit Views Another Summit View Falcon

I would also agree with Christine that Old Rag is very overused.  One thing that makes this hike particularly challenging during the rock scramble is that the rocks are so smooth, you could easily slip.  When it has just rained, you know you will have no footing whatsoever.  Many of these boulders have no handholds or footholds, so you do have to be creative with how you will get through the scramble.  I would recommend that you do this hike with someone else to help you through the scramble.  I think Christine especially enjoyed the opportunity of putting both of her hands on my butt and shoving with all of her might.  It’s not very often that she gets to do that.

Old Rag Shelter

The Old Rag day-use shelter. Below: Adam takes in the last nice view on the way down; The Byrd’s Nest day-use shelter; The crowded Old Rag parking lot.

View on the Way Down Byrd's Nest Shelter Crowded Old Rag Lot

The hike begins from the parking lot and consists of walking up a paved and then gravel road for about .9 miles until you reach a smaller blocked off gravel lot (with a portable toilet) and a sign for the trailhead to the left.  This begins the Ridge Trail.  The trail starts off as a gradual ascent through the forest.  At about 2.3 miles, you reach the first of several switchbacks.  There isn’t a lot of note on the main portion of the trail as you are just walking uphill through the woods, without any notable views.  At about 3.2 miles, you reach a nice overlook.  As soon as you leave this spot, the rock scrambling will begin.  You have about .8 of a mile of rock scrambling until you reach the summit.  This path is quite dangerous as you have to navigate down tight crevasses, around boulders open to large drop-offs, and up other boulders with slick surfaces.  The summit marker will indicate the end of the tough climbing.  There are several places to take in the panoramic views at the top and some of the more adventurous will climb up some of the large boulders at the top.  Once you are done taking in the views backtrack to the trail and then take a right on to the Saddle Trail.  At about 4 miles you reach, the Byrds Nest Shelter No. 1, a day-use only shelter.  Continue down the steep trail and at 4.5 miles, you will reach another day-use Old Rag shelter.  Continue down the trail and at 4.9 miles, you reach the junction with the Weakley Hollow fire road.  Take a right on this fire road and you have about 3 miles of this fire road to walk down before you reach a few bridges and finally the smaller blocked-off Old Rag gravel lot.  Go back the way you came and you should reach your vehicle around 8.8 miles.

I do think we have put a lot of warnings about this hike, but the reason that this hike is likely so popular is due to the challenge and the amazing views.  The summit of Old Rag does provide some of the best views in Virginia.  Some people even do rock climbing at the top to rappel over the edge and make their way back up.  On a clear day, you can see for miles of countryside and layers of mountains.  I know most people do put this on their list of must-hikes in Virginia.  I recommend to tackle this hike as early in the morning as possible to beat the crowds.  If you wait until the middle of the day, you will likely face people-jams as the navigating through the rock scramble takes a while.

For any of those interested in geocaching, there are two geocaches nearby the trail:

For further reading about Old Rag and its history, check out the Climber’s Guide to Old Rag Mountain with some interesting information about the history of the area and the USGS’ Hiker’s Guide to the Geology of Old Rag.

I really have to hand it to Christine for confronting her vertigo and facing Old Rag.  I told her I wouldn’t bother her again to do the hike since we now officially have it on the blog, but I will probably do it again sometime.  I think this hike does have about 1.5 miles of very exciting climbing and wonderful views, but the rest of the hike (especially the way back on the fire roads) seems a little boring and you will look forward to seeing your car in the parking lot after the long hike back.  The last time we did this hike was on a fall day at the peak of fall color.  If you can find a day like that to tackle this hike, you won’t regret it.

Trail Notes

  • Distance8.8 miles
  • Elevation Change – about 2600 feet total.
  • Difficulty – 4.  The uphill climbing is gradual and never terribly steep, but the scramble requires good upper and lower body strength.
  • Trail Conditions – 2.  I think the trail is eroded and worn smooth in many places due to years of overuse.
  • Views – 5.  The views are wonderful and include both mountain and valley views.
  • Wildlife – 3.  There have been a fair number of bear sightings on Old Rag.  You also have a good chance of seeing birds of prey on the summit.
  • Ease to Navigate – 4.  Follow the signs.  This well-traveled trail is well-marked. Distances on the markers are out-of-date and refer to mileage when the upper lot was still open.
  • Solitude – 0.  Can I give this a negative score?

Download a trail map (PDF)

Directions to trailhead:  From Sperryville, Route 211, turn onto Route 522 and follow it south for .8 mile. Turn right on Route 231, follow 8 miles, turn right onto Route 601 and follow signs to the parking area, approximately 3 miles.
From Madison, Route 29 Business,  turn onto Route 231 and follow it for 12.8 miles. Turn left onto Route 602.
Follow signs for the parking area. Old Rag parking is approximately 3 miles from the turn onto Route 602.

13 Comments leave one →
  1. Laura permalink
    November 12, 2018 8:09 pm

    We hiked Old Rag back in October 2011. It was wonderful and challenging. Definitely the highlight of our hiking experiences in Va. I just wanted to reassure you about the dog. We ran into the same dog as in your photo. I, too, was concerned about him. I called the Old Rag stewards and was told that he lives nearby and is a regular on the mountain. He was really sweet and accompanied us part of the way as well.


  2. Gianny Navas - Alexis Pupo permalink
    June 15, 2017 5:32 pm

    Hey there! I was wondering if there was any alternative hike back to the parking lot to avoid the boring paved road? Other than going back the way you came? Were doing three day hikes in Shenandoah so we want to experience as much as possible with the little time we have! Thank you!


    • June 15, 2017 8:41 pm

      If you start at Weakley Hollow, you will have to hike the paved road twice. There really isn’t an alternate way back. But, you do have a couple different route options. If you want something long, you can hike Old Rag from Skyline Drive using the Old Rag Fire road to it’s junction with Weakley Hollow. Then you’d go up and over the rock scramble then come down the Saddle Trail back to the fire road. It would be about a 15 mile day (maybe longer). But, you could explore Robertson Mountain and Nicholson Hollow if you liked. Your other option would be to park at Berry Hollow and do the 5.4 mile out-and-back. There is still some fire road walking, but nothing on paved roads. You’ll also miss the rock scramble, but you’ll still get the great views from the summit. The Berry Hollow route is actually my personal favorite. I don’t care for the rock scramble – it’s overused/damaged and way too crowded for me! This is the Berry Hollow route:


  3. July 12, 2012 1:08 pm

    We went on hike June 24th! It was a challenging hike and I was glad to see all the comments to bring plenty of water! We downed all our water bottles by the time we made it to the top. 12 water bottles for three hikers. I would recommend a camelback for the future! It took us 6 hours. Lots of beautiful sites!


  4. cristel permalink
    June 18, 2012 1:37 pm

    I thought a bit differently about the solitude. Not that we were alone the entire hike by any means . we actually had four young ladies that stayed close to us during most of the scramble. We were able to have a quiet lunch prior to the summit . Where I loved looking down at the soaring birds . One of my favorite things about climbing high. This was our fourth attempt at Old Rag. First time I read about it at the park it was to late to start. As we live in Florida it makes it hard to get the perfect day when we are near. The second time it rained and the third it snowed in October. Each time we did hike and enjoyed ourselves. But unlike Christine I wanted it bad. It was a perfect day,and I can’t wait to do it again. But at least now while on other hikes I will bring it up but I am not whining about it . I enjoyed your blog thank you and safe travels


    • June 18, 2012 2:56 pm

      I’m glad you finally got to make your Old Rag summit! 🙂 It is a Shenandoah classic, but I definitely enjoyed it more when it was less crowded, before the parking lot was moved/expanded and before so many hand and footholds were polished smooth.


  5. May 24, 2012 12:01 am

    Great blog! I hiked Old Rag last September also, just a few days before you did. The same dog followed me up to the same spot you pictured him here. I think he belongs to one of the property owners down near the trailhead.


  6. September 17, 2011 7:28 am

    I first began hiking Old Rag back in the early 80’s when you could park almost next to the trailhead. I returned a few years ago with my son and was stunned at having to park so far away, especially since we were only one of a dozen cars. We got there early, and when we were finished people were waiting to find a place to park. The scramble at the top is like a playground with great views, and worth the parking issues and all the extra hiking to and from.


    • September 18, 2011 6:45 pm

      Thanks for the visit, Les! I think most people are willing to endure the hassles for the excitement of Old Rag’s rock scramble. It’s a rewarding hike, but others are definitely higher on my list of favorites.


  7. September 15, 2011 10:40 pm

    Caveat Emptor! But I think there’s no way around it, I still will have to hike Old Rag someday! I’m drawn to certain popular hikes like this out of morbid curiosity. Perhaps if we stay a little longer next time, I can convince Adam to join me.

    That’s a funny story about the dog you met on the way up, hahaha! I guess all the hiking up and down keeps him looking lean and hungry.

    Thanks for sharing so many good pictures with your account…..


    • September 18, 2011 6:42 pm

      Jason… Adam would be happy to hike Old Rag with you any time – as long as you’re willing to start early. 🙂 I’ll stay home and cook you guys an awesome hikers’ dinner for your triumphant return.



  1. Preparing for Old Rag Mountain hike | The mountains are calling

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